Hemorrhoids: aithnigh hemorrhoids inmheánacha nó seachtracha

Clár ábhair

Hemorrhoids: aithnigh hemorrhoids inmheánacha nó seachtracha

Definition of hemorrhoids

An hemorrhoids are dilated veins that form in the anus or rectum. It is normal that veins in the anal area swell slightly upon defecation. But unlike normal veins, hemorrhoids remain permanently dilated (see diagram).

About 1 in 2 adults over the age of 50 have hemorrhoids. Constipation, toircheas and the loss of tissue tone withaois are the main causes. In pregnant women, symptoms of hemorrhoids usually go away after childbirth.

Symptoms are occasional and easily recognizable: itching near the anus, a míchompord in a sitting position and bleeding when you have a bowel movement. Usually a hemorrhoid crisis lasts a few days, then the symptoms subside.

Most people who suffer fromhemorrhoids manage to relieve their symptoms with various cúram baile and, if necessary, cógaisíochta available over the counter. However, hemorrhoids sometimes generate persistent pain or almost permanent discomfort. In these cases, medical treatment may be considered.

Hemorrhoids: external or internal?

An external hemorrhoids

They appear under the skin at the opening of the anus. They can cause swelling in the area. They are níos íogaire than internal hemorrhoids, because there are more sensitive nerve fibers in this area. In addition, the risk of a blood clot forming in a dilated vein is greater than with internal hemorrhoids (see Possible complications).

An internal hemorrhoids

They form in the anus or the lower part of the rectum. They form a small protuberance (see diagram). They are classified according to their stage of development. They tend to progress from one degree to another if nothing is done to slow down the evolution.

  • An chéad chéim. The hemorrhoid remains inside the anus.
  • Dara céim. The hemorrhoid leaves the anus at the time of defecation, and returns to the normal position when the effort is stopped.
  • An tríú céim. The hemorrhoid should be gently replaced with the fingers after defecation.
  • Ceathrú céim. The hemorrhoid cannot be placed back inside the anus.

Symptoms: recognizing a hemorrhoid

  • Mothú ar sruthánitch or discomfort in the anal area.
  • Bleeding and slight pain at the time of defecation.
  • Sensation that the inside of the rectum is ata.
  • Suintement mucus through the anus.
  • Exit through the anus of protuberances sensitive (only in the case of hemorrhoids inmheánach an 2e, 3e nó 4e degree).
Ore Níos mó ar an ábhar:  Bursitis subacromial

Daoine i mbaol

  • People with a close relative who suffers from hemorrhoids.
  • Mná torracha.
  • Women who have given birth through vaginal birth.
  • People with cirrhosis of the liver.

Fachtóirí riosca

  • Have constipation or diarrhea on a regular basis.
  • Suffer from obesity.
  • Remain seated on the toilet seat for a long time.
  • Being called upon to frequently lift heavy objects.
  • Perform anal intercourse.

Deacrachtaí féideartha

When the discomfort or mild pain turns into severe pain, it is usually a sign that a téachtán fola formed in a hemorrhoid. It’s about a hemorrhoidal thrombosis, painful, but harmless. Symptoms usually go away within 1 to 2 weeks, with pain relievers and soothing laxatives, which soften the stool. After the clot has been absorbed, a small, painless swelling in the anus, called a mariscus, may form (only with external hemorrhoids).

In rare cases, an ulceration (sore that tends to spread) may appear. It can also happen that a caillteanas fola severe causes anemia.

Cathain chun dul i gcomhairle

Moltar féach dochtúir without delay in case of anal bleeding, even if it is not very intense. This symptom may be a sign of another type of condition in the anal area or a more serious health problem.

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