Symptoms, people at risk and risk factors for tuberculosis

Clár ábhair

Symptoms, people at risk and risk factors for tuberculosis

Comharthaí an ghalair

  • Mild fever;
  • Persistent cough;
  • Unusually colored or bloody sputum (sputum);
  • Loss of appetite and weight;
  • Sweats oíche;
  • Pain in the chest when breathing or coughing;
  • Pain in the spine or joints.

Daoine i mbaol

Even if the disease occurs for no obvious reason, its onset or activation of a “dormant” infection is more likely to occur in people with weakened immune systems for any of the following reasons:

  • disease of the immune system, such as HIV infection (in addition, this infection greatly increases the risk of developing the active stage of tuberculosis);
  • childhood (under five) or old age;
  • chronic disease (diabetes, cancer, kidney disease, etc.);
  • heavy medical treatments, such as chemotherapy, oral corticosteroids, strong anti-inflammatory drugs sometimes used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (“biological response modifiers” such as infliximab and etanercept) and drugs anti-rejection (in case of organ transplant);
  • míchothú;
  • heavy use of alcohol or drugs.

Nótaí. According to a study conducted in a Montreal hospital3, about 8% of clann agus greeted by way ofuchtáil idirnáisiúnta are infected with the tuberculosis bacteria. Depending on the country of origin, a test for the bacillus may be recommended.

Symptoms, people at risk and risk factors for tuberculosis: understand it all in 2 min

Fachtóirí riosca

  • Work or live in a lár where active tuberculosis patients live or circulate (hospitals, prisons, reception centers), or handle bacteria in the laboratory. In this case, it is recommended to undergo a regular skin test to check whether or not you are a carrier of the infection;
  • Fan i tír where tuberculosis is prevalent;
  • Tobac;
  • Bíodh insufficient body weight (usually lower than normal based on body mass index or BMI).
Ore Níos mó ar an ábhar:  Prevention of tendonitis (musculoskeletal disorder)

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