Clár ábhair

Fachtóirí riosca agus ailse ae a chosc

Fachtóirí riosca 

  • An víreas which cause hepatitis B and C (HBV and HCV), are the cause of most hepatocellular carcinomas, as they lead to “chronic” liver disease. The attacked cell regenerates, or heals, but in an abnormal form (fibrosis) and makes the bed of cancer. However, 10 to 30% of hepatocellular carcinomas induced by hepatitis B develop in the absence of fibrosis or cirrhosis. Hepatitis A, on the other hand, is not a risk factor because it is an “acute” disease.
  • La cioróis ae is the other major cause of liver cancer. It is most often due to excessive alcohol consumption, but can also occur as a result of chronic liver disease (chronic viral hepatitis, autoimmune disease, iron overload, etc.).
  • THEaflatocsain, a toxin produced by a type of mold that forms on improperly stored agricultural produce, is a carcinogen that can contribute to the development of a liver tumor.
  • Le chlóiríd vinile, used in the manufacture of certain plastics, is known to be a carcinogen that can cause hepatoma.
  • THEarsanaic, used to treat wood, as a pesticide or in certain metal alloys, is a poison which can trigger the formation of a tumor in the liver.

 

Cosc

Bearta bunúsacha coisctheacha

It’s impossible to prevent liver cancer for sure, but it is possible to reduce your chances of developing it by protecting yourself against hepatitis B and C viruses. To learn about the various ways to prevent these infections, see our Hepatitis sheet. It is possible, for example, to receive a hepatitis B virus vaccine. The vaccine has reduced the frequency of Hepatitis B (HBV), and also the incidence of hepato-cellular carcinoma (HCC) in heavily affected areas. In Europe, Italy, the number of HBV infection and HCC cancer has fallen sharply thanks to vaccination.

There is no vaccine against Hepatitis C, so we must insist on hygiene measures and protection of sexual intercourse (condoms). It is a transmission through the blood.

Avoid consumingalcól excessively. Cirrhosis of the liver, suralcoolism chronicle is an important risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma. Regular monitoring of anyone with binge drinking is essential.

 

Ore Níos mó ar an ábhar:  Cóireálacha míochaine agus cuir chuige comhlántacha le haghaidh clamaidia

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