Dropping out of school at 16: what to do to avoid this situation?

Clár ábhair

Dropping out of school at 16: what to do to avoid this situation?

Deirfiúr Emmanuelle said: ” The essential is the child and the essential of the child is to educate him and therefore instruct him. As soon as school begins, there is something that moves, it is a seed… of new life ”. School allows young people to learn but also to make friends, to confront each other, to learn to listen, to discover the differences… An out-of-school child loses his bearings and will have a lot more trouble fitting into the school. life. How to avoid this situation?

The causes of school dropout

A child does not leave school permanently overnight. It is a slow spiral of failure that brings him there. Let us recall the research of Céline Alvarez, which shows that naturally a child likes to learn, explore, experiment and discover new things. It is therefore up to systems and adults to give them the means to conserve what is natural in them.

Dropping out of school is the process that leads the child to gradually detach himself from the education system without having obtained a diploma. It is very often linked to academic failure.

The causes of this academic failure can be multiple and do not result only from the intellectual capacities of the child, they can be:

  • socio-economic, low family income, child support for family income or household chores, illiteracy or parents’ difficulties;
  • and / or educational, unsuitable educational content, poor quality of education, mistreatment, lack of facilities for pupils with specific needs.

Some children, who are fortunate enough to have parents with well-off incomes, will be able to find solutions thanks to alternative schools, outside of the National Education contract. These schools have understood the need to learn differently. They take the time to teach according to the specificities of each one thanks to the reduced numbers of students per class, and to different teaching tools.

But unfortunately, few families can afford to spend between 300 and 500 € per month and per child, to have such resources.

A child who has dropped out of school or who has failed at school will be impacted in terms of personal development (lack of self-confidence, feeling of failure, etc.) and limited in his chances of integration into society (exclusion, restricted educational orientation. , informal or even dangerous jobs, etc.).

Levers to prevent failure

Numerous associations such as Asmae, or foundations such as “Les apprentis d’Auteuil” act to promote the quality of education, retention in school and access to knowledge.

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In order to promote access to school and keep students within this framework, they offer, among other things:

  • táillí teagaisc a íoc;
  • access to first aid;
  • help at the cost of the school canteen;
  • support for administrative and legal procedures;
  • adapted lessons.

These organizations that help and support children who have not found their place in National Education schools use common tools:

  • spaces for dialogue between parents / children / educators, around academic difficulties;
  • teachers trained in new ways of teaching, using tactile and sound experimentation more than books;
  • support for families, to strengthen their educational skills.

Give meaning to learning

A teenager who has not built professional projects, who has no hope for his future life, sees no interest in learning.

Many professionals can help him find his way: guidance counselor, psychologist, coach, teachers, educators … It is also up to him to undertake observation internships in companies or structures that provide it. interest.

And if nothing excites him, he must find the cause. Is he isolated, without the possibility of discovering anything other than his home because he takes care of his brothers and sisters? Is he very shy, which hinders him in his efforts? Where does the blockage come from? Of a traumatic element? Answering these questions through dialogue with a psychologist, the school nurse, an adult the adolescent trusts, can help him move forward.


Dropout due to disability

The lack of accommodation at school can discourage a child and his parents.

A child with serious health problems or a handicap can be accompanied by a psychomotor therapist or an occupational therapist to arrange his school environment. This is called inclusive school. In conjunction with the educational team, they can benefit from:

  • a longer time for the tests;
  • digital devices to help them read, write and express themselves;
  • of an AVS, Assistant de Vie Scolaire, who will help him to write, grade lessons, tidy up his things, etc.

Departmental inclusive school reception units are set up in each department from June to October. An Azur “Aide Handicap École” number has been set up by the Ministry of National Education: 0800 730 123.

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Parents can also obtain information from the MDPH, the Departmental House of Handicapped Persons, and be accompanied by a social worker, for the administrative procedures.

For young people with severe mental disabilities, there are structures called Medico-Educational Institutes (IME) where young people are supported by educators and teachers specialized and trained in mental disorders.

Young people with motor disabilities are accommodated in IEM, Institutes of Motor Education.


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